New Research for May 2012

ADHD Is Over-Diagnosed, Experts Say http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120330081735.htm

What experts and the public have already long suspected is now supported by representative data collected by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) and University of Basel: ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is over-diagnosed. The study showed that child and adolescent psychotherapists and psychiatrists tend to give a diagnosis based on heuristics, unclear rules of thumb, rather than adhering to recognized diagnostic criteria. Boys in particular are substantially more often misdiagnosed compared to girls.

Injectable Contraceptives Linked to Breast Cancer Risk in Younger Women

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120404144120.htm

The first large-scale U.S.-based study to evaluate the link between an injectable form of progestin-only birth control and breast cancer risk in young women has found that recent use of a year or more doubles the risk. The results of the study, led by breast cancer epidemiologist Christopher I. Li, M.D., Ph.D., of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, are published online ahead of the April 15 print issue of Cancer Research.

Potential Method to Control Obesity: Red Wine, Fruit Compound Could Help Block Fat Cell Formation

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120404125355.htm

A compound found in red wine, grapes and other fruits, and similar in structure to resveratrol, is able to block cellular processes that allow fat cells to develop, opening a door to a potential method to control obesity, according to a Purdue University study.

Young Girls More Likely to Report Side Effects After HPV Vaccine

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120403140034.htm

Younger girls are more likely than adult women to report side effects after receiving Gardasil, the human papillomavirus vaccine. The side effects are non-serious and similar to those associated with other vaccines, according to a new study funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and published in the Journal of Women’s Health.

Less Than 1 in 6 Americans Frequently Washes Grocery Totes Increasing Risk for Food Poisoning

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120403135957.htm

Reusable grocery totes are a popular, eco-friendly choice to transport groceries, but only 15 percent of Americans regularly wash their bags. Most users are inadvertently creating a breeding zone for harmful bacteria, according to a new survey by the Home Food Safety program, a collaboration between the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association) and ConAgra Foods.

Memory Loss With Aging Not Necessarily Permanent, Animal Study Suggests

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120402185349.htm

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown in animal models that the loss of memory that comes with aging is not necessarily a permanent thing.

How to Curb Discharge of the Most Potent Greenhouse Gas: 50-Percent Reduction in Meat Consumption and Emissions

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120413100859.htm

Meat consumption in the developed world needs to be cut by 50 percent per person by 2050, and emissions in all sectors — industrial and agricultural — need to be reduced by 50 percent if we are to meet the most aggressive strategy, set out by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), to reduce the most potent of greenhouse gases, nitrous oxide (N2O).

Soda Consumption Increases Overall Stroke Risk

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120420123853.htm

Researchers from Cleveland Clinic’s Wellness Institute and Harvard University have found that greater consumption of sugar-sweetened and low-calorie sodas is associated with a higher risk of stroke. Conversely, consumption of caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee was associated with a lower risk.

Your Left Side Is Your Best Side: Our Left Cheek Shows More Emotion, Which Observers Find More Aesthetically Pleasing

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120420123847.htm

Your best side may be your left cheek, according to a new study by Kelsey Blackburn and James Schirillo from Wake Forest University in the US. Their work shows that images of the left side of the face are perceived and rated as more pleasant than pictures of the right side of the face, possibly due to the fact that we present a greater intensity of emotion on the left side of our face.

Cancer-Fighting Goodness Found in Cholesterol, Study Suggests

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120419163553.htm

A Simon Fraser University researcher is among four scientists who argue that cholesterol may slow or stop cancer cell growth. They describe how cholesterol-binding proteins called ORPs may control cell growth in A Detour for Yeast Oxysterol Binding Proteins, a paper published in the latest issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Daily Physical Activity May Reduce Alzheimer’s Disease Risk at Any Age

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120418203530.htm

Daily physical activity may reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline, even in people over the age of 80, according to a new study by neurological researchers from Rush University Medical Center that will be published in the online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology on April 18.

Speed and Ecstasy Associated With Depression in Teenagers

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120418203520.htm

A five year study conducted with thousands of local teenagers by University of Montreal researchers reveals that those who used speed (meth/ampthetamine) or ecstasy (MDMA) at fifteen or sixteen years of age were significantly more likely to suffer elevated depressive symptoms the following year.

Why Nagging Can Be Good for Your Health

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120418134852.htm

Over-30s can benefit from being nagged, nudged and cajoled by family and friends into being more active, according to new sport psychology research presented April 18 2012.

 

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