Good Stuff To Know November 2019

Projected doubling of Americans living with dementia

Women are at much greater risk and shoulder the majority of costs.The number of Americans living with Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias will double to nearly 13 million over the next 20 years, according to the new report.

Early retirement can accelerate cognitive decline

Early retirement can accelerate cognitive decline among the elderly, according to research conducted by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Common nutrient supplementation may hold the answers to combating Alzheimer’s disease

In a new study, researchers reveal that a lifelong dietary regimen of choline holds the potential to prevent Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

Type 2 diabetes remission possible with ‘achievable’ weight loss

People who achieve weight loss of 10% or more in the first five years following diagnosis with type 2 diabetes have the greatest chance of seeing their disease go into remission, according to a new study.

Omega-3 fish oil supplements linked with lower cardiovascular disease risk

People who received omega-3 fish oil supplements in randomized clinical trials had lower risks of heart attack and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) events compared with those who were given placebo.

Cannabis study reveals how CBD offsets the psychiatric side-effects of THC

Researchers have shown for the first time the molecular mechanisms at work that cause cannabidiol, or CBD, to block the psychiatric side-effects caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive chemical in cannabis.

Drinking more sugary beverages of any type may increase type 2 diabetes risk

People who increase their consumption of sugary beverages — whether they contain added or naturally occurring sugar — may face moderately higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Urban, home gardens could help curb food insecurity, health problems

Food deserts are an increasingly recognized problem in the United States, but a new study indicates urban and home gardens — combined with nutrition education — could be a path toward correcting that disadvantage

Regular exercise is good for your heart, no matter how old you are!

Regular exercise is highly beneficial for all patients with cardiovascular disease regardless of age, report investigators. Their results showed that the patients who benefited most from cardiac rehabilitation were those who started out with the greatest physical impairment.

Overweight before age 40 increases the cancer risk

The study showed that if you were overweight before age 40, the risk of developing cancer increases by:

70 percent for endometrial cancer.
58 percent for male renal-cell cancer.
29 percent for male colon cancer.
15 percent for all obesity-related cancers (both sexes).

More evidence linking common bladder medication to a vision-threatening eye condition

A drug widely prescribed for a bladder condition for decades, now appears to be toxic to the retina, the light sensing tissue at the back of the eye that allows us to see.

In-office gene therapy for wet age-related macular degeneration is coming

New data shows patients maintaining vision after a single intra vitreal injection of gene therapy. Gene therapy is showing promise for one of the most common causes of blindness. Data presented today shows that six patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) have, so far, gone at least six months without the need for continued injections to control a disease that typically requires treatment every four to six weeks. Researchers say the hope is that gene therapy will free patients from nearly monthly eye injections by offering a potential “one-and-done” treatment. It’s not just about convenience; a more consistent treatment may also help people keep more of their vision.

Hormone therapy associated with improved cognition

Estrogen has a significant role in overall brain health and cognitive function. That’s why so many studies focused on the prevention of cognitive decline consider the effect of reduced estrogen levels during the menopause transition. A new study suggests a cognitive benefit from a longer reproductive window complemented with hormone therapy.

New evidence that hip and knee steroid injections more dangerous than thought

May accelerate arthritis, joint destruction. A new study reveals that commonly given hip and knee steroid intra-articular injections may be harmful in some patients with at-risk conditions or may cause complications that are not well understood.

Why respiratory infections are more deadly in those with diabetes

Researchers have demonstrated how diabetes contributes to mortality from MERS-CoV infections, and the finding could shed light on why other respiratory illnesses like the flu or pneumonia might strike those with diabetes more severely.

Women CEOs judged more harshly than men for corporate ethical failures

Female leaders receive less negativity for general business failures, study says. People are less likely to support an organization after an ethical failure if the business is led by a woman, according to a new study. However, organizations led by women endure less negative backlash for competence failures than those headed by men.

Women scientists author fewer invited commentaries in medical journals than men

Women scientists were 21% less likely to author invited commentaries in medical journals during a five-year period than men with similar scientific expertise, seniority, and publication metrics.

Gut instincts: Researchers discover first clues on how gut health influences brain health

New cellular and molecular processes underlying communication between gut microbes and brain cells have been described for the first time.

Soft drinks found to be the crucial link between obesity and tooth wear

A new study has found that sugar-sweetened acidic drinks, such as soft drinks, is the common factor between obesity and tooth wear among adults.

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