Good Stuff To Know June 2017


* * * Highlights * * * 

Regular use of aspirin can lower risk of breast cancer for women * * * Adjusting medications may reduce fall risk in older adults * * * Widespread vitamin D deficiency likely due to sunscreen use, increase of chronic diseases, review finds * * * One in three American adults may have had a warning stroke * * * Doctors should question the value of most heavily promoted drugs * * * You’re not too old to learn that * * * Exercise study offers hope in fight against Alzheimer’s * * * ER visits related to marijuana use at a Colorado hospital quadruple after legalization


Regular use of aspirin can lower risk of breast cancer for women

The use of low-dose aspirin (81 mg) reduces the risk of breast cancer in women, a new study concludes. Researchers saw an overall 16 percent lower risk of breast cancer in women who reported using low-dose aspirin at least three times per week.

Adjusting medications may reduce fall risk in older adults

Simply adjusting the dose of an older adult’s psychiatric medication could reduce their risk of falling, a new study suggests.

Is alternate-day fasting more effective for weight loss?

Alternate day fasting regimens have increased in popularity because some patients find it difficult to adhere to a conventional weight-loss diet. A new article reports on a randomized clinical trial that compared the effects of alternate-day fasting with daily calorie restriction on weight loss, weight maintenance and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk.

Widespread vitamin D deficiency likely due to sunscreen use, increase of chronic diseases, review finds

Results from a clinical review find nearly 1 billion people worldwide may have deficient or insufficient levels of vitamin D due to chronic disease and inadequate sun exposure related to sunscreen use.

One in three American adults may have had a warning stroke

About one in three American adults experienced a symptom consistent with a warning or ‘mini’ stroke, but almost none — 3 percent — took the recommended action.

Doctors should question the value of most heavily promoted drugs

Findings suggest pharmaceutical promotion should be met with healthy scepticism. Top promoted drugs are less likely than top selling and top prescribed drugs to be effective, safe, affordable, novel, and represent a genuine advance in treating a disease, argue US researchers.

Antibiotic doxycycline may offer hope for treatment of Parkinson’s disease

Doxycycline, an antibiotic used for over half a century against bacterial infections, can be prescribed at lower doses for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, say researchers.

You’re not too old to learn that

New theory suggests that adults can combat cognitive aging by learning like an infant. If we as adults continue to learn the way we did as children, we can redefine what it means to be an ‘aging’ adult, a new theory asserts.

A brisk walk instead of sitting down: Just ten minutes a day makes a difference

It is not the amount of time spent sitting still that matters. Instead it is the extent of physical activity that is essential in reducing the risk of elderly women developing cardiovascular disease, as shown in a new study.

Edible insects could play key role in cutting harmful emissions

Eating insects instead of beef could help tackle climate change by reducing harmful emissions linked to livestock production, research suggests.

Exercise study offers hope in fight against Alzheimer’s

A new study adds more information about how physical activity impacts brain physiology and offers hope that it may be possible to reestablish some protective neuronal connections. Researchers explored how a 12-week walking intervention with older adults affected functionality of a brain region known to show declines in people suffering from mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer’s disease.

ER visits related to marijuana use at a Colorado hospital quadruple after legalization

More than half of teens’ marijuana-related visits also involved psychiatric evaluations. Visits by teens to a Colorado children’s hospital emergency department and its satellite urgent care centers increased rapidly after legalization of marijuana for commercialized medical and recreational use, according to new research.

Physical activity keeps hippocampus healthy in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

Moderate physical activity may preserve the hippocampus — the brain region responsible for memory and spatial orientation that is attacked first in Alzheimer’s disease, a study of older adults at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease shows. It is the first evidence that physical activity may protect against cognitive decline and the onset of dementia symptoms in those who carry the genetic marker for Alzheimer’s.

Nearly one in three drugs found to have safety concerns after FDA approval

Researchers have found that for drugs approved between 2001 and 2010, nearly 1 in 3 had a postmarket safety event.

Half of all seniors who went to doctor for common cold prescribed unnecessary antibiotics

Nearly one in two seniors in Ontario who visited a family doctor for a non-bacterial infection received an unnecessary antibiotic prescription, according to a new study.

Zinc acetate lozenges may increase the recovery rate from the common cold by three-fold

According to a meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials, zinc acetate lozenges may increase the rate of recovery from the common cold three fold. On the fifth day, 70 percent of the zinc lozenge patients had recovered compared with 27 percent of the placebo patients.

Osteoarthritis could be prevented with good diet and exercise

Osteoarthritis can potentially be prevented with a good diet and regular exercise, a new expert review published in the Nature Reviews Rheumatology reports.

Lifting your spirits doesn’t require many reps

Engaging in light or moderate physical activity such as taking a walk or going for a bike ride is the best way for normally inactive people to beat the blues and improve their sense of well-being, according to a new study. Researchers say that in this study there was no additional emotional benefit gained from working out aggressively.

Harvard’s Dr. Tanzi on Diet & Alzheimer’s Risk

Harvard’s Dr. Rudolph Tanzi, one of the world’s best-known Alzheimer’s researchers, explores lowering the risk. Topics include turmeric, vegetarianism, coconut oil and what he actually applies to his own daily life.

TV accentuates traditional women’s roles at expense of their needs

College women who frequently watch television or who believe that the content is real, tend to endorse the gender roles that are portrayed often on TV, says a University of Michigan researcher.

Actor Antonio Sabato Touting Hormone Therapy

Actor Antonio Sabato, Jr., was suffering from depression, mood swings, and just feeling a tremendous loss of energy until he discovered hormone therapy that he says changed his life around.

Patients’ own fat tissue can help treat joint problems

A new device gently suctions, processes and uses a patient’s own fat tissue to provide a potential source of stem cells and growth factors to promote healing.

Can omega-3 help prevent Alzheimer’s disease? Brain SPECT imaging shows possible link

The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is expected to triple in the coming decades and no cure has been found. Recently, interest in dietary approaches for prevention of cognitive decline has increased. In particular, the omega-3 fatty acids have shown anti-amyloid, anti-tau and anti-inflammatory actions in the brains of animals.

Sleep loss affects your waistline

Sleep loss increases the risk of obesity through a combination of effects on energy metabolism. This research will highlight how disrupted sleep patterns, a common feature of modern living, can predispose to weight gain, by affecting people’s appetite and responses to food and exercise.

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