Good Stuff to Know January 2016

good stuff to know this monthUp to 1m cattle to be cloned a year at new Tianjin facility

China will establish a commercial animal cloning centre in Tianjin, while state media has set out to soothe consumers who are concerned by the development.

Japanese firm finds way to turn textiles into noodles

Japanese textile company Omikenshi will move into the health-food business and plans to use its its cloth-making technology to turn trees into noodles.

Cannabis increases the noise in your brain

Several studies have demonstrated that the primary active constituent of cannabis, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, induces transient psychosis-like effects in healthy subjects similar to those observed in schizophrenia. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects are not clear. A new study shows that this active ingredient increases random neural activity, termed neural noise, in the brains of healthy human subjects. The findings suggest that increased neural noise may play a role in the psychosis-like effects of cannabis.

Can slow walking speed in elderly signal Alzheimer’s disease hallmarks?

How fast elderly people walk may be related to the amount of amyloid they have built up in their brains, even if they don’t yet have symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study published in the December 2, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Rudeness at work is contagious, study shows

Workplace incivility should be treated with the utmost seriousness. This is the finding of three psychologists who surveyed nearly 6,000 people on the social climate in the workplace. Their studies show that being subjected to rudeness is a major reason for dissatisfaction at work and that unpleasant behavior spreads if nothing is done about it.

Fighting prescription painkiller abuse among baby boomers

Future research will explore the long-term effects of motivational interviewing, and incorporate additional patient testing measures, such as pill counts, refill records and urine drug tests, says Chang.

Physical activity may leave the brain more open to change

Learning, memory, and brain repair depend on the ability of our neurons to change with experience. Now, researchers have evidence from a small study in people that exercise may enhance this essential plasticity of the adult brain.

Men have better sense of direction than women, study suggests

Researchers studied women and men using fMRI during wayfinding tasks in a recently learned virtual environment. Men consistently performed better than women. When women were given a drop of testosterone under their tongue, however, their ability to orient themselves along the four cardinal directions improved.

Do you really need that MRI?

Too many tests at the doctor’s office could cost you more than just dollars. In addition to the huge hit to your wallet, there’s also the potential harm of false positives, and just because a test has traditionally been done for a condition doesn’t mean it’s the best way to treat it. One expert is helping lead a national push to determine what neurologic tests or services are performed more than they should be.

Taking antidepressants during pregnancy increases risk of autism by 87 percent

Using antidepressants during pregnancy greatly increases the risk of autism, researchers have discovered. The findings are hugely important as six to ten percent of pregnant women are currently being treated for depression with antidepressants.

Physician-assisted death should be listed on medical certificates of death in Canada

Physician-assisted death should be recorded on medical certificates of death in Canada in the event that assisted dying becomes legal, according to a new analysis.

Four reasons breaking up with Facebook is hard to do

New research has revealed four reasons why our relationship with Facebook is complicated. The results of a new study highlight the complexities involved in people’s ongoing decisions about how to use, or not use, social media.

Gray divorced women are more likely to be poor, new research shows

More and more adults are entering their golden years alone, either through gray divorce, or by choosing to stay unmarried, and for older women, Social Security benefits often aren’t enough to stave off poverty.

Can your pet boost your sex appeal?

Dogs and cats are increasingly seen as being a crucial member of a traditional family, but aside from the companionship and love you receive from your pet… can they also make you appear sexier?

In aging, one size does not fit all

Conventional measures of age usually define people as ‘old’ at one chronological age, often 65. In many countries around the world, age 65 is used as a cutoff for everything from pension age to health care systems, as the basis of a demographic measure known as the ‘old-age dependency ratio,’ which defines everyone over 65 as depending on the population between ages 20 and 65.

The Importance of Bioidentical Testosterone Replacement

A multitude of studies in recent years has demonstrated that testosterone deficiency in men, also known medically as testicular hypofunction, is associated with an increased risk of a number of diseases and even an earlier death.

Childhood concussions impair brain function

Pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury, new research indicates. Over a million brain injuries are treated annually in the U.S. While organized sports at all levels have implemented safety protocols for preventing and treating head injuries, most pediatric concussions still result from athletic activities.

Inflammation can fan the flames of depression

Chronic inflammation in the bloodstream can ‘fan the flames’ of depression, much like throwing gasoline on a fire, according to a new paper.

Still a champion runner at 80: Do elite athletes have an anti-aging secret in their muscles?

Elite runners do not experience the muscle weakening associated with aging as non-athletes do. A new study examines if their superb fitness is because their muscles have not aged.

Lab tests of e-cigarettes demonstrate cellular harm

Two types of electronic cigarettes have been tested by researchers who found that they damaged cells in ways that could lead to cancer. The damage occurred even with nicotine-free versions of the products.

 

 

 

 

 

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