Good Stuff To Know February 2016

good stuff to know this monthSugars in Western diets increase risk for breast cancer tumors and metastasis

The high amounts of dietary sugar in the typical western diet may increase the risk of breast cancer and metastasis to the lungs, according to a new study.

One hookah tobacco smoking session delivers 25 times the tar of a single cigarette

As cigarette smoking rates fall, more people are smoking tobacco from hookahs: communal pipes that enable users to draw tobacco smoke through water. A new meta-analysis shows that hookah smokers are inhaling a large load of toxicants.

Magic mold: Food preservative kills cancer cells, superbugs

Nisin, a naturally occurring food preservative that grows on dairy products, delivers a one-two punch to two of medicine’s most lethal maladies: cancer and deadly, antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

High vitamin C intake may help elderly maintain immune cells

Long-term high-dose vitamin C supplementation could help maintain immune functions in ageing, according to research in mice.

Vitamin C and linoleic acid may slow skin ageing

Higher intakes of Vitamin C and linoleic acid are associated with better skin-ageing appearance, according to a recent study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Lower intakes of Vitamin C in the diet were significantly associated with the prevalence of wrinkled appearance and senile dryness”

Common heartburn drugs linked with kidney disease

Prilosec, Nexium and Prevacid belong to this class of drugs, which treat heartburn and acid reflux by lowering the amount of acid produced by the stomach. People who use proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have a 20 percent to 50 percent higher risk of chronic kidney disease compared with nonusers, said lead author Dr. Morgan Grams, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.

Mentally challenging activities key to a healthy aging mind

One of the greatest challenges associated with the growing numbers of aged adults is how to maintain a healthy aging mind. Taking up a new mental challenge such as digital photography or quilting may help maintain cognitive vitality, say researchers reporting in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience.

Rats pose health threat to poultry, humans

Rats can absorb disease agents from their local environment and spread them, according to a new UBC study. The results also indicate that the threat rats pose to the health of poultry and humans has been underestimated.

Should India’s ‘quacks’ be trained to deliver basic patient care?

Should unqualified practitioners be trained to deliver basic patient care to alleviate India’s doctor shortage, asks a special report published by The BMJ today?

Health goes downhill when older adults stop driving

While 81 percent of the 29.5 million older U.S. adults continue to hold a license and get behind the wheel, age-related declines in cognition and physical function make driving more difficult, and many seniors eventually stop driving altogether. Researchers examined the health of older adults after they stopped driving and found that driving cessation nearly doubled the risk of depressive symptoms, while also contributing to diminished cognitive abilities and physical functioning.

E-cigarette vapor boosts superbugs and dampens immune system

E-cigarettes are toxic to human airway cells, suppress immune defenses and alter inflammation, while at the same time boosting bacterial virulence, new data suggest. In lab and mouse experiments, exposure promotes bacterial virulence and inflammation, while blocking the body’s ability to fight infection, the investigators report.

On Twitter, e-cigarette ads spread like secondhand smoke

Are 500 retweets the modern equivalent of ‘everyone’s doing it’ when it comes to e-cigarette marketing? While the Food and Drug Administration has proposed a ban on the sales of e-cigarettes to people under 18, as we are beginning to understand the health effects of the substitute to smoking, a recent study suggests that e-cigarette marketing on social media is about as containable as secondhand smoke.

Marijuana survey finds medical users more likely to consume edibles and vaporize

A new study provides some of the first evidence about patterns of marijuana use in states that have legalized medical marijuana. It finds that medical marijuana users are more likely to vaporize or consume edible forms of the drug than recreational users. Researchers also found that 41 percent of people reported having used marijuana recreationally at least once, while only about 7 percent reported using marijuana for medical purposes.

Why you won’t lose weight with exercise alone

Exercise by itself isn’t always enough to take off the weight. Now, evidence helps to explain why that is: our bodies adapt to higher activity levels, so that people don’t necessarily burn extra calories even if they exercise more.

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