Good Stuff To Know April 2020

Hearing aids may delay cognitive decline

Wearing hearing aids may delay cognitive decline in older adults and improve brain function, according to promising new research. Researchers have tested the use of hearing aids in almost 100 adults aged 62-82 years with hearing loss. After 18 months of hearing aid use, researchers found speech perception, self-reported listening disability, and quality of life had significantly improved for participants.

How your romantic attachment style affects your finances, well-being

Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance can both have negative consequences for well-being due, at least in part, to financial reasons, researchers found.

How caloric restriction prevents the negative effects of aging in cells

A new study provides the most detailed report to date on the cellular effects of a calorie-restricted diet in rats. While the benefits of caloric restriction have long been known, the new results show how this restriction can protect against aging in cellular pathways.

Spending time in nature reduces stress

New research has found that as little as 10 minutes in a natural setting can help college students feel happier and lessen the effects of both physical and mental stress.

Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) imaging features overlap with SARS and MERS

Although COVID-19’s imaging features are variable and nonspecific, the findings thus far do show ”significant overlap” with those of severe acute respiratory syndrome and the Middle East respiratory syndrome. The early evidence suggests that initial chest imaging will show abnormality in at least 85% of patients, with 75% of patients having bilateral lung involvement initially that most often manifests as subpleural and peripheral areas of ground-glass opacity and consolidation.

When should you eat to manage your weight? Breakfast, not late-night snacks

The balance between weight gain and weight gain loss is predominantly determined by what you eat, how much you eat, and by how much exercise you get. But another important factor is often neglected… it’s not just how many calories you eat, but WHEN you eat them that will determine how well you burn those calories.

Drug meant for Ebola may also work against coronaviruses

Researchers who have discovered why the drug remdesivir is effective in treating the coronaviruses that cause Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) expect it might also be effective for treating patients infected with the new COVID-19 strain.

One year into ‘soda tax,’ researchers find law did not affect sugary-beverage consumption

One year into Philadelphia’s 1.5-cents-per-ounce ‘soda tax,’ new findings show that the law had minimal to no influence on what Philadelphians are drinking.

Widowhood accelerates cognitive decline among those at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

The death of a spouse often means the loss of intimacy, companionship and everyday support for older adults. A new study finds that widowhood can have another profound effect: It may accelerate cognitive decline. Investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital analyzed older, cognitively normal Americans enrolled in the Harvard Aging Brain Study whose marital status and brain ?-amyloid levels — a marker of Alzheimer’s disease — were determined at the beginning of the study. The team found that individuals who were widowed experienced a sharper cognitive decline than their married counterparts, especially among those who had high ?-amyloid levels. The study suggests that widowhood may be an important and understudied risk factor for cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer’s disease and highlights the need for increased focus on this high-risk population. Findings are published in JAMA Network Open.

Quarantine on cruise ship resulted in more Corona patients

The cruise ship Diamond Princess was quarantined for over two weeks resulting in more coronavirus infected passengers than if they would have disembarked immediately. Rather the opposite to what was intended.

Alzheimer’s: Can an amino acid help restore memories?

Scientists have just shown that a metabolic pathway plays a determining role in Alzheimer’s disease’s memory problems. This work also shows that supplying a specific amino acid as a nutritional supplement in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s restores spatial memory affected early. This is a promising path for reducing memory loss related to that disease.

A  measure for excessive buying problems

Excessive or uncontrolled buying or shopping is a highly prevalent, disabling and growing problem, yet measuring the extent and effects of this significant psychological problem and the social issue remains problematic. Buying-Shopping Disorder has not been formally accepted as a separate diagnosis, but a research team has developed diagnostic criteria that can apply a measurable scale of excessive buying.\

Decades-old antidepressant may fend off prostate cancer’s return

An antidepressant from the ’50s, phenelzine (trade name Nardil} repurposed to fight prostate cancer, lowered PSA levels in men with recurrent disease, a pilot study shows.

‘Sushi parasites’ have increased 283-fold in the past 40 years

A new study finds dramatic increases in the abundance of a worm that can be transmitted to humans who eat raw or under-cooked seafood. Its 283-fold increase in abundance since the 1970s could have implications for the health of humans and marine mammals, which both can inadvertently eat the worm.

Vitamin D boosts chances of walking after hip fracture

Senior citizens who are not vitamin D deficient have a better chance of walking after hip fracture surgery. The findings suggest that vitamin D deficiency could limit mobility in older adults, according to one of the researchers.

Do this ONE thing, and your marriage will change overnight

The women’s movement has been disastrous for many women and men. For women, it has often destroyed all sense of femininity and what it means to be a woman. Tell-it-like-it-is Susanne Venker provides something simple that is absent in many (if not most) marriages and relationships. As Suzanne says, life can be hard but having a peaceful marriage does not have to be.

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